Thursday, December 13

Tensile stress formula

When a material is exposed to a pull or stretch, it is said to be under tensile stress. Tensile stress is a type of stress that occurs when a material under stress is elongated or stretched due to the applied force. It is calculated by dividing the applied force by cross sectional area of the material on which the force is applied. Since a material is said to be under stress when a force is applied on its cross sectional area and result is its stretching or pulling. Hence the tensile stress formula can be expressed as
Tensile stress=F/A
Here F=applied force
A=cross sectional area of the material on which the force is applied.
Here force is measured in Newton and the cross sectional area is measured in mm2, hence unit of tensile stress is N/mm2. Having problem with Define Unbalanced Force keep reading my upcoming posts, i will try to help you.

What is the definition of stress
Let’s assume that force is applied to an elastic body. The applied force will cause change in its shape and size. We say that the body is deformed. This is because the body or material is under stress. Stress can be defined as force applied on unit area of the material. Depending on the type of force, the elastic material will compress or elongate.

stress definition
Stress is the measurement of force applied on unit area of a material. It is measured in Pascal which is expressed in Newton per m2
stress equation
Since stress is measurement of force applied on cross sectional area of a material, its equation is expressed as following:
Stress=force/cross sectional area on which the force is applied. Here stress is symbolised by “sigma” s.
equation for stress
Equation for stress includes force and area of the material. It is expressed as
Here  s=stress
A=area of material under force.
Here we assume that force is applied equally all over the length of material. But practically we calculate the stress by measuring the force felt at the end of the length of material. Please express your views of this topic Elastic Potential Energy Formula by commenting on blog.

stress vs strain curve
As we know that a material under stress will be elongated or compressed, depending on the type of applied force. Suppose a material is subjected to tensile force. If we draw the force-extension graph for the material, it will show the behaviour of the material under force. Here we should remember that different materials will show different extension behaviour, even if they are exposed to same force. This is due to the fact that extensibility of a material depends on its shape, dimensions and many other factors. Hence the force-extension graph, that show the extension behaviour of material irrespective of their dimensions, are known as stress=strain curve.

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